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新航道深圳学校 > 雅思 > 雅思机经 > 12月1日写作真题参考范文 | 应该投资太空技术吗?

12月1日写作真题参考范文 | 应该投资太空技术吗?

来源:新航道深圳学校    浏览:    发布日期:2018-12-04 16:58:05

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2018年12月1日
雅思大作文题目

雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
      Some people think the money spent developing technology for space is not justified. There are more beneficial ways to spend this money. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
解析&审题
 
      经过近半个月的休战,雅思考试终于在12月第一天重新开张。本次考试的作文与开发太空技术有关(与2016年10月13日和2017年2月25日的雅思考试作文高度相仿)。
 
      有些人认为,开发太空技术没有什么意义,而且花费巨大,还不如把那些钱用来解决现实生活中的问题更有利。因此,这个题目其实是隐含着两个观点:
 
(1)把钱花在太空技术发展方面不合算;
(2)把钱用于其他方面更有利。

      烤鸭们必须对这两个观点进行回应。唐老师最近经常强调,考试的时候,我们必须对题目中给出的所有观点都要进行回应,而不能只回应某个部分,那样就会被考官认为是审题不完整,从而导致失分。就本题而言,我们对题目的反应不外乎采取如下几种观点:
 
A. 没有任何方面比投资太空技术发展更有利(这种观点是绝对支持发展太空技术);
 
B. 发展太空技术完全没有意义,应该把钱投入到其他方面(这种观点绝对否定发展太空技术);
 
C. 虽然发展太空技术有一些好处,但应把钱投到其他更有利的方面(这是双边讨论,但倾向于把钱投入到其他方面)
 
D. 虽然投资其他方面不无好处,但投资太空技术发展是有回报的(这是双边讨论,但倾向于肯定发展太空技术)。
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
      大家可以根据自己的情况选择论证:如果认为自己能为发展太空技术找到理由,那就可以选择A或D,如果认为自己写投资其他方面更得心应手,那就可以选择B或C。唐老师认为,无论支持哪一种观点,本题最佳的写作策略是双边讨论,即采取“虽然......但是......”的写作结构。
 
      以下是唐老师的高分范文。本范文中,唐老师遵从以上D写作方案。首先承认投资其他方面(如教育、医疗、就业等)非常有利,并简单分析,然后重点转入讨论发展太空科技的必要性(如帮助我们了解太空,可以去太空旅游,为后代找到可以居住的地方等)。请大家认真阅读范文,看唐老师是如何把以上思路落实到具体文字表达的。
 
老师笔记
 
01
 
      Ever since the first landing on the Moon about half a century ago, the human’s interest in and exploration of the outer space have never stopped. However, space exploration so far has not brought us the expected benefits, which makes many people doubt whether it is worthwhile for the government to spend that vast amount of money developing space technology. 
 
      自从大约半个世纪前首次登陆月球以来,人类对外空的兴趣和探索从未停止过。然而,到目前为止,太空探索并没有给我们带来预期的好处,这使许多人怀疑政府是否值得花那么多钱开发太空技术。
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
解析
(1) 本段从登陆月球事件开始,引出太空探索问题,然后提出很多人对投资发展太空技术持怀疑态度。
(2) outer space 外太空
(3) worthwhile 值得的
(4) vast amount of money 大量的金钱
 
02
 
      Still, there are many people who are very enthusiastic about space exploration. They are interested in how different beings on other planetssurvive and believe their more advanced technology may well help us human beings solve our existing problems. Besides, as many scientists havespeculated, the Earth will eventually die and disappear into the black hole. We therefore need to find other planets suitable for living so that when that day does come, our future grand, grand children will not perish with the Earth. 
 
      尽管如此,还是有很多人非常热衷于太空探索。他们对其他星球上不同的生物如何生存感兴趣,并相信他们更先进的技术可能会帮助人类解决我们现存的问题。此外,正如许多科学家所推测的,地球最终将死亡并消失在黑洞中。因此我们需要找到其他适合生活的星球,这样当那一天到来的时候,我们未来子孙后代就不会跟随地球灭亡了。
解析
(1) 本段论述太空探索的必要性。首先用still承接第一段的最后一句,然后分析发展太空技术的重要性:寻找太空中其他生物并跟他们学习;为后代寻找栖身之处。
(2) be enthusiastic about... 对......感兴趣;热衷于......
(3) survive 生存
(4) speculate 猜想
(5) eventually 最终
(6) perish 灭亡 
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
03
 
Those with more realistic bend of mind, however, do not support the idea of spending that much money developing space technology. They are generally concerned about the safety and usefulness of space exploration to us human beings, thinking that the space exploration enabled by space technology will make the outer space polluted and more dangerous. Others would believe it is just a huge waste of money to try to reach the outer space, especially when there are so many practical problems on this planet crying for solution. The money squandered on developing technology to find other life forms, for instance, should be used to help children who cannot afford to go to college and those who cannot enjoy decent medical services.
 
      然而,那些头脑更现实的人不支持花那么多钱开发空间技术。他们普遍关心太空探索的安全性和对人类的有用性,认为太空技术带来的太空探索将使外空受到污染,也更加危险。其他人则认为试图进入外空,这是一种巨大的浪费,特别是在这个星球上还有那么多实际问题迫切需要解决。比如,为了寻找其他生命形式而开发技术浪费的钱,应该用来帮助那些上不起大学的孩子和那些不能享受体面医疗服务的人。
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
解析
(1) 本段讨论太空探索的问题,并紧扣主题,提出用于开发太空技术的钱应该用来解决实际问题。
(2) those with realistic bend of mind 头脑更现实的人
(3) practical 实际的
(4) cry for solution 急需解决
(5) squander 浪费
(6) decent 体面的
 
04
 
      Personally, I do think that there should be a balance between the money spent on the immediate issues and the future ones. Undoubtedly, such pressing problems as housing, education, and medicare ought to be taken care of by the government, but it is also the responsibility of the government to prepare for the future of the Earth. Seen in this light, areasonable investment on space technology is perfectly justifiable.
 
      就我个人而言,我认为,为当前问题花钱和为将来问题花钱之间应该有一个平衡。毫无疑问,住房、教育和医疗保险等紧迫问题政府理应负责,但政府也有责任为地球的未来做好准备。从这个角度来看,对空间技术的合理投资是完全有道理的。
 
解析
(1) 在前面两段的双边讨论之后,本段提出自己的观点。
(2) balance 平衡
(3) pressing 紧迫的
(4) in this light 从这个角度
(5) reasonable 合理的
(6) justifiable 可以解释的;有道理的
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
7分范文 
 
      Ever since the first landing on the Moon about half a century ago, the human’s interest in and exploration of the outer space have never stopped. However, space exploration so far has not brought us the expected benefits, which makes many people doubt whether it is worthwhile for the government to spend that vast amount of money developing space technology.
 
      Still, there are many people who are very enthusiastic about space exploration. They are interested in how different beings on other planets survive and believe their more advanced technology may well help us human beings solve our existing problems. Besides, as many scientists have speculated, the Earth will eventually die and disappear into the black hole. We therefore need to find other planets suitable for living so that when that day does come, our future grand, grand children will not perish from the Earth.
 
      Those with more realistic bend of mind, however, do not support the idea of spending that much money developing space technology. They are generally concerned about the safety and usefulness of space exploration to us human beings, thinking that the space exploration enabled by space technology will make the outer space polluted and more dangerous.

       Others would believe it is just a huge waste of money to try to reach the outer space, especially when there are so many practical problems on this planet crying for solution. The money squandered on developing technology to find other life forms, for instance, should be used to help children who cannot afford to go to college and those who cannot enjoy decent medical services.
Personally, I do think that there should be a balance between the money spent on the immediate issues and the future ones. Undoubtedly, such pressing problems as housing, education, and medicare ought to be taken care of by the government, but it is also the responsibility of the government to prepare for the future of the Earth. Seen in this light, a reasonable investment on space technology is perfectly justifiable.
(337 words)
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
建议背诵的句子
 
1. Ever since the first landing on the Moon about half a century ago, the human’s interest in and exploration of the outer space have never stopped.
自从大约半个世纪前首次登陆月球以来,人类对外空的兴趣和探索从未停止过。
 
2. As many scientists have speculated, the Earth will eventually die and disappear into the black hole. We therefore need to find other planets suitable for living so that when that day does come, our future grand, grand children will not perish with the Earth.
正如许多科学家所推测的,地球最终将死亡并消失在黑洞中。因此我们需要找到其他适合生活的星球,这样当那一天到来的时候,我们未来子孙后代就不会跟随地球灭亡了。
 
雅思写作,12月1日真题
 
3. Those with more realistic bend of mind, however, do not support the idea of spending that much money developing space technology.
然而,那些头脑更现实的人不支持花那么多钱开发空间技术。
 
4. The money squandered on developing technology to find other life forms, for instance, should be used to help children who cannot afford to go to college and those who cannot enjoy decent medical services.
比如,为了寻找其他生命形式而开发技术浪费的钱,应该用来帮助那些上不起大学的孩子和那些不能享受体面医疗服务的人。
 
5. Undoubtedly, such pressing problems as housing, education, and medicare ought to be taken care of by the government, but it is also the responsibility of the government to prepare for the future of the Earth.
毫无疑问,住房、教育和医疗保险等紧迫问题政府理应负责,但政府也有责任为地球的未来做好准备。
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