欢迎来到新航道官网!英语高能高分,就上新航道!

咨询热线:13332924216

新航道深圳学校 > SAT > SAT语法 > sat语法-----主谓一致

sat语法-----主谓一致

来源:新航道深圳学校    浏览:    发布日期:2018-02-01 16:59:41

首页
       相信大家对主谓一致很了解,但是你是否了解这项熟悉而又简单的sat语法技能呢。主谓一致说的是主语同谓语之间数的一致性关系,我们可以将其中的结构分为四大类:插入形式的短语,全倒装结构,“there be”句型和both (few, many, several) 。

 

  现在让我们来看一下插入形式的短语,解题的关键是找出“A(主语关键词),举例短语(such as…)/分词短语/介词短语/同位语/不定式等插入成分,谓语动词”的结构,A决定谓语动词的形式。让我们一起来动笔做做以下的一道2006年01月的考题:
  The newly elected (A) Prime Minister, to the dismay (B) of opponents from other parties, have argued (C) for the strict regulations of (D) campaign financing. No error (E)
 
  解析:
 
  考点:主谓一致--插入形式的短语:
  主语Prime Minister,谓语动词:have argued修改为has argued
  (A). newly elected--正确:副词newly修饰分词elected。
  (B). to the dismay of opponents--正确:介词词组。
  (C). have argued--错误,修改为has argued,判断依据:主语Prime Minister,“to the dismay of opponents from other parties”是插入语。
  (D). strict regulations of campaign financing--正确:词组。
  (E). No error--因为选项C有误,所以不选E No error。
 
  全倒装结构中,谓语动词的数的形式由谓语动词后的主语的形式决定,例如:
  (1).Out of something grows a market for ... (a market决定动词用单数grows)
  (2).At stake, … , is the solvency of the bank ...(the solvency决定be动词用单数is)
  In the back of the textbook are (A) a list of words that can be easily learned (B) by those who want to improve (C) their command (D) of English. No error (E)
  解析:
  考点:主谓一致--全倒装结构:
  主语a list of words,谓语动词:are修改为is
  (A). are--错误,修改为is。
  (B). easily learned--正确:副词easily修饰过去分词learned。
  (C). who want to improve为前面的“those”接着的定语从句,就“want”时态和主谓一致来说,都是正确的。
  (D). their command of English--正确:词组。
  (E). No error--因为选项A有误,所以不选E No error。
 
  第三类是:“there be”句型,“there be”句型中be用单数还是复数,是由后面的真正主语而定,我们一起来看看2008年一月的真题:
  SAT January, 2008
  There are (A) a short but (B) substantive list of major innovations in American education that resulted from (C) the efforts of (D) mathematician Winifred Merrill. No error (E)
  解析:
  考点:主谓一致--“there be”句型:
  主语a short but substantive of major innovations in American education,谓语动词:are修改为is
  (A). are--错误,修改为is,原因:主语a short but substantive of major innovations in American education。
  (B). but--正确:平行结构--形容词:short but substantive。
  (C). resulted from--正确:resulted from修饰major innovations。
  (D). efforts of--正确:词组。
  (E). No error--因为选项A有误,所以不选E No error。
 
  让我们再看看最后一种结构both (few, many, several) of,在“both (few, many, several) of + 复数名词”中,谓语用复数,
  Both her work on community service project and her dedication to learning (A) has gained (B) Ms. Stevens the respect of (C) the entire (D) faculty. No error (E)
  解析:
  考点:主谓一致--both (few, many, several) of:
  主语both her work on community service project and her dedication to learning,谓语动词:has gained修改为have gained
  (A). to learning--正确:her dedication to learning--来自于结构dedication to doing something。
  (B). has gained--错误,谓语动词:has gained修改为have gained,原因:主语both her work on community service project and her dedication to learning。
  (C). respect of--正确:词组:the respect of the entire faculty。
  (D). entire--正确:形容词entire修饰faculty。
  (E). No error--因为选项B有误,所以不选E No error
  

    掌握以上四种结构就能在相关题型中不失分!以上的题型关键是找到主语才是重中之重!更多雅思托福sat等精彩内容请关注深圳新航道!


联系我们icon

推荐阅读

【本文标签】:SAT语法,主语,谓语

【责任编辑】:新航道小编    版权所有:转载请注明出处

  • 关注新航道深圳学校动态

    关注新航道动态

客服热线
13332924216
集团客服热线
13332924216

罗湖校区:罗湖区深南东路5015号金丰城B座9楼

南山校区:深圳市南山区科技园文化广场2-3楼