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新航道深圳学校 > 托福 > 托福写作 > 托福写作中怎么用词才显得地道?

托福写作中怎么用词才显得地道?

来源:新航道深圳学校    浏览:    发布日期:2021-08-03 17:11:56

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有人戏说道,老外眼中句子分为3个档次,最差的是主动句,较好的是被动句,倒装句等,非常好的nominalization(名词化)的句子,这样的句子最学术最适合写论文。那么面对这样的差异,我们需要重新审视我们在托福写作中的思维方式,做到如何恰到好处又不“画蛇添足”,才能显得写出来的托福作文语句更地道。

简单说,名词化即是动词或形容词被用作名词的现象。比如动词转成名词:discovery->discovery,move->movement,refuse->refusal,又比如形容词转成名词:careless->carelessness,difficult->difficulty,intense->intensity。那么什么情况下,我们的托福写作需要进行名词化呢?

A谓语动词的宾语部分

原句:I do not know either what she meant or what he intends.

名词化:I do not know either her meaning or his intentions.

B结合被动形式

原句:If people decide without enough persuasive information,...

名词化:If a decision is made without enough persuasive information,...

C取代诸如从句中“the fact that”的用法

原句:The fact that I denied what he accused me of impressed the jury.

名词化:My denial of his accusations impressed the jury.

更好的名词化:a.When I denied his accusations,I impressed the jury.

b.In denying his accusations,I impressed the jury.

D名词化部分用在there is/are的后面

原句:We demand that the government stop taxing entertainment.

名词化:There is a demand for an end to taxation on entertainment.

原句:The floods considerably eroded the land.

名词化:There was considerable erosion of the land from the floods.

然而,有些时候,在我们的托福写作备考中认为理所应当使用“名词化”时,老外认为是没有必要的。比如:

A名词化部分跟在动词后面

原句(名词化“冗余”):The police conducted an investigation into the matter.

改后:The police investigated the matter.

B名词化部分作为主语

原句:Our discussion is concerned with a tax cut.

改后:We discussed a tax cut.

C连续进行名词化

原句:a.First,she reviewed the evolution of the dorsal fin.

b.There was a first a review of the evolution of the dorsal fin.

改后:First,she reviewed how the dorsal fin evolved.

D连接部分名词化

原句:Their cessation of hostilities was because of their personnel losses.

改后:They ceased hostilities because they lost personnel.

原句:The instability of the motor housing did not preclude the completion of the field trials.

改后:Even though the motor housing was unstable,the research staff completed the field trials.

以上这些托福写作备考中中国学生很常见的名词化缺失或名词化滥用的例子。大家可以对比自己在托福写作中存在的问题,加以改正。想要学习更多托福考试的技巧,有效快速的提升托福考试成绩,可在下方留言咨询,预约试听新航道的托福课程

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